Guide for IP and PoE Video Surveillance Wire Routing


Introduction

Video surveillance is an important part of security for both commercial and residential properties. Modern video surveillance systems often utilize IP cameras and PoE (Power over Ethernet) technology to simplify installation and operation. In this guide, let's look at the basic steps for pulling wires for such systems.


Preparation


1. System Planning:

   - Determine the number of cameras and their locations.

   - Calculate cable lengths, taking into account possible obstacles and bends.

  - Consider the maximum cable length for PoE (usually up to 100 meters). If a longer length is required, consider ePoE technology, which allows you to transmit the signal to 250 meters and beyond using special cameras and additional equipment.


2. Equipment selection:

   - IP cameras. Already at the planning stage it is better to know exactly what system will be installed, in order to calculate the number of cameras depending on their characteristics.

   - PoE switch or injector. When choosing a PoE switch pay attention to its power specified in watts and on the consumption of the camera in peak value with night illumination, it is recommended that the device is loaded at 80% of the total power.

   - Cables of category 5e or higher (Cat6 is recommended). Pay attention to what material the cables are made of and use quality copper wires using oxygen-free copper for longer life.

   - RJ-45 connectors. 

   - Cable ducts or corrugated tubing to protect wires.


Pulling cables


1. Cable routing:

   - Start at the central hub (switch or injector location). Determine the best place to install the DVR, taking into account temperature and humidity conditions. It is better to use server cabinets with a thermostat and heating or ventilation in case the system is installed in unheated attics or basements.

   - Run cables from the central hub to each camera.

  - Use cable ducts or corrugated tubing to protect the wires from mechanical damage and environmental exposure.


2. Cable routing:

   - Indoors: lay cables along walls, ceilings, or inside walls.

   - Outdoors: use cables with UV and moisture protection. Most often these are black cables and if conditions are unfavorable use gel filled cables. 

   - If necessary, use cable ties to secure the wires.


3. Laying and securing:

   - Make sure cables are not excessively kinked.

   - Avoid straining the cables.


Connection


1. crimping the cables:

   - Use RJ-45 connectors.

   - Follow the T568B standard for twisted pair crimping.

   - Test each cable with a cable tester.


2. Camera connections:

   - Connect one end of the cable to the camera.

   - Connect the other end to a PoE switch or injector.


3. Setup and Testing:

   - After physically connecting, configure the IP addresses of the cameras.

   - Check the video stream from each camera on the computer or recorder.

   - Make sure the cameras are powered via PoE.


Completion


1. Documentation:

   - Create a system wiring diagram.

   - Include all IP addresses and camera locations.


2. System Verification:

   - Perform a final verification of all cameras.

   - Make sure the video quality is as expected.


Conclusion

Proper pulling and wiring of IP and PoE video surveillance wires will ensure reliable system performance and long-term operation. Follow this guide and your surveillance system will work efficiently and smoothly.